This is page 3 of 4. "Flash" begins here.

Indoors you can often shoot without flash as well.

It generally requires a very high film speed and a large aperture.

You won't be able to capture high speed action indoors. But then, usually indoor photography is more sedentary any way. There is the cutoff point for indoor photography where you will have to add lighting.

T.T.L.

There is a thing known as TTL technology. TTL is an acronym for Through The Lens.

That is when your camera actually "sees" directly through the lens to make decisions. This is important because any filters you have on the lens will change the required settings for proper exposure.

Another reason is merely changing your zoom requires different settings. There are more variables than that, but it gives you an idea of why TTL is important.

With TTL technology you will get proper exposure. Your camera will fire the flash at a power according to what it needs for the existing lighting, camera settings and the distance your subject is from your lens. This even includes when you use the manual settings I spoke of earlier.

Only experience will get you to the point of knowing what settings to use. Even then, each time you shoot you will have to take some test shots to make sure you get the exposure you want.

O.K. Let’s add flash to your pictures.

Outdoor filler is the most common use for me. When I tell people to use flash outside in the bright sun they look at me like I’m crazy.

Filler flash lights your subject properly as in the above pictures and it softens the shadows on your subject when they are in direct sunlight. In the direct sun there is a substantial amount of contrast.

Yeah, you know what I’m talking about. One side of Aunt Loraine’s face is all white the other side looks like nighttime on Mars. It may seem as though adding lighting to an already over exposed face will only make it worse. But therein lies the magic.

When you add the lighting, the camera automatically compensates; it changes the exposure so the sunny side of her face is more properly exposed as the flash unit brightens up the dark side. The overall change is much more balanced lighting throughout.

Indoors, in the shade and on overcast days there are no harsh shadows to contend with. So I use only ambient lighting in those instances unless it's too dark in the area or the background is very bright.

I have a DSLR. I have a whole, elaborate lighting setup. It looks goofy but it makes a huge difference in my pictures. My units are wireless for versatility.

I've been using some terms that I will explain now.

The next pictures show 1) The built in flash unit. 2) The hot shoe. and 3) The hot shoe mounted units.

Built in unit.

Next is the hot shoe.

Your flash unit mounts to it.

Like this.

These are my hot shoe mounted units.

My hot shoe mounted units happen to be wireless, thus I have them mounted on a frame rather than on the camera's hot shoe.

Continue here.